Summer is past.  We are officially into fall and there are many things that can be done in the garden.  

Compost and organic fertilizer can be applied to lawns to build soil and strengthen roots for spring growth.  Mulch around trees, shrubs, and perennials to protect roots in case we get some cold weather this winter.  Leave an exposed ring about a foot in diameter around the base of the plants.  

Now is the time to plant cool-weather-loving annual flowers.  These include petunias, dianthus, ornamental cabbage and kale, phlox and Shasta daisies.  Pansies and other violas such as Johnny Jump-ups can be planted later in the month or early November.

Spring blooming bulbs can be planted in October and November.  If you are adventurous and want to try growing tulips, refrigerate the bulbs for 6 to 8 weeks in a paper bag prior to planting in December.  Do not put them in the freezer.

October is a good time to plant wildflower seeds such as bluebonnets, larkspur and Indian Paint Brush.  It is said that a good crop of wildflowers in spring is dependent on the moisture young plants receive in October as the seeds germinate.   October is usually our second wettest month, but if Mother Nature doesn't cooperate, supplemental hand watering may be necessary. 

As it gets cooler, lawns need less water.  Keep up with the changing SAWS watering requirements.  Call 210-704-7297, or go to saws.org/conservation.  The rules are not suggestions, but City laws.  If a police officer sees violations, they can issue citations just like if you speed.

Garden Note:  The garden is my happy place